Paragraph: 1. The historical knowledge restricts it the memorization. Page: 53. Paragraph: 2. During century XVIII the empirismo gains force with David Hume, for who the dimension space-weather is the referencial of all the theory of the knowledge and the moral. Page: 54. Paragraph: 1.
Ribeiro says in them that all science has that to know its natural history. Page: 54. Paragraph: 2. On the succession problem it was Vico, that in century XVIII, tried to solve it, therefore found in the culture concept a form to breach with the predominant mechanism. Page: 55. Paragraph: 1. The meaning of culture for Vico, was the discovery of a nature human being, permanent essential and, based on the class action of the individuals and on its relations with the environment. The cultural traces possess its proper historicidade, therefore the succession defines the man as to be cultural.
Page: 55. Paragraph: 2. Vico alone will gain its recognition in century XIX, when Kant will carry through a logical conclusion it rationalism with the empirismo, opening way for the idealismo and the positivismo. Page: 55. Paragraph: 3. The kantiana reflection on the historical knowledge is not systematic, but its influence in the future development of the modern conceptions of histories is great. Ribeiro makes use of Wehling to affirm ' ' History searchs the collective identity in the past and the gift, its origin and its desenvolvimento' '. Page: 56. Paragraph: 1. The historicismo appears of an affirmation of the new social groups that if had become elements for Kant. Page: 56. Paragraph: 2. History appears in century XIX to try to solve the problems of succession of phases and transistions by means of a scientific law. Page: 56-57. Paragraph: 3. The dimension space-weather of one determined event became the intellectual object of the historian. With this, it becomes objective more. Page: 57. Paragraph: 1.