And by and large, the only reason for the existence of this language has been artificially establish a policy of Yugoslavia itself. At the a time when Yugoslavia ceased to exist as a country, and the term "Serbo-Croatian language" has disappeared from use, and revived the old names of languages: Serbian and Croatian. Serbian language in the western sub- South Slavic group, part of the Indo-European language family. Language is used in Serbia, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The status of state language, he is in Serbia, Bosnia, Herzegovina and Montenegro. Mark Hyman, MD takes a slightly different approach. The total number of native speakers is about 11 million people. Serbian language has three main dialects, whose names are formed based on the pronunciation of the pronoun, which translated into Russian as "What." This kaykavschina, chakavschina and shtokavschina.
The last of adverbs is precisely the Serbian and the first two belong to the Croatian language. To date, it shtokavskoe dialect understood by the Serbian language. As Written in use simultaneously two alphabets: the so-called "vukovitsa" and "gaevitsa. The basis vukovitsy put Cyrillic, and the basis for gaevitsy – Latin. Each of the alphabets contains 30 letters. Between the letters of the alphabet there is a correspondence, but the transformation of texts written on one of them, can occur only in one direction: from vukovitsy in gaevitsu as Latin digraphs may correspond to pairs individual letters of the Cyrillic alphabet. Italic typeface and hand-written some letters in the Serbian language is different from most of alphabets based on Cyrillic.