Anemia is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the red blood cells. Symptoms of anemia include chronic fatigue, shortness of breath, and pallor, among many others. Autoimmune anemia can be inherited from one parent or arises due to an adverse reaction to medication, an infection or other disease of the blood. In many cases, the condition is considered idiopathic, i.e. that the doctors cannot determine an underlying cause. Most of the time, autoimmune anemia can be controlled effectively with steroids, although sometimes surgery is needed if the disorder causes damage to internal organs. The human immune system is essential in the fight against pathogens external, including bacteria, viruses and cancer.
In the case of autoimmune anemia, the components of the immune system, attack as a method of Defense healthy red blood cells. When the mature blood cells are destroyed, the blood becomes less capable of transporting efficiently oxygen and other vital nutrients throughout the body. A person with mild autoimmune anemia may not experience any noticeable symptoms, this moderate condition causes the acceleration of heart rate, shortness of breath, and fatigue. When the condition causes massive destruction of red blood cells, the person experiences jaundice and an enlarged spleen and lymph nodes; Autoimmune anemia usually progresses slowly over the course of months or years. When there is a suspicion of suffering from autoimmune anemia, doctors must make an analysis of medications that you are taking and samples of blood for lab tests. Then proceeds to make a complete blood count to determine the number of mature red blood cells and other components present in the sample, there can differentiate the type of anemia or other disorders of red blood cells.
After you have a confirmed diagnosis, the physician decides if it is necessary to carry out an ultrasound to verify if there is damage to the spleen and other internal parts of the body. Treatment for anemia autoimmune largely depends on the underlying cause of the problems. People with idiopathic diseases and inherited tend to administer steroids and other immunosuppressive drugs. A surgical procedure known as a Splenectomy may be necessary if the spleen of the patient is very enlarged or damaged. In addition, people are taught to maintain a healthy diet and schedule regular checkups with their physicians to monitor the recovery. With the success of the treatment, the symptoms disappear for long periods of time. It is possible that the condition reappear, especially in adults with anemia idiopathic.